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Impacts of Price Changes on Poverty: The Nigerian Experience

The proportion of people living in extreme poverty, especially in Nigeria, fell only marginally between 1990 and 2006. The primary objective of this study is to systematically capture the impact of price changes on poverty in Nigeria.

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Role of Copper in the Chilean and Zambian Economies: Main Economic and Policy Issues

The paper examines the existing differences between the problems of abundance and dependence on natural resources by considering the cases of copper in Chile and Zambia.

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Economic Growth, Employment Generation and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria

This study attempts to critically examine the interconnection between income inequality, employment and poverty reduction in the process of economic growth in Nigeria.

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A Contribution to the Public-Private Wage Inequality Debate: The Iconic Case of Romania

In Romania, the public sector still employs about 30 percent of the workforce, and the wage bill is around 20 percent of the current budget expenditures. The purpose of the research is to shed light on the determinants of the public-private wage differential and on the dynamics and decomposition of wage inequality between the private and public sector in 2004 and 2009.

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Subgroup and Shapely Value Decompositions of Multidimensional Inequality: An Application to South East European Countries

This paper attempts to construct a multidimensional inequality index with three variables – in addition to the usual one of income – by including health, education and housing quality in the context of three large South-East European countries – Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia – for which comparable Household Budget Surveys were available.

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Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Ghana

This paper investigates the determinants of female labor force participation in Ghana at two points in time, 1991 and 2006. It examines individual and household attributes that affect female labor force participation and whether motherhood and the presence of children at home have the tendency of reducing a woman’s propensity to engage in paid work.

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Do Social Transfers “Crowd-Out” Remittances: Evidence from Bosnia

This paper attempts to investigate the presence of the “crowding out” effect in Bosnia by analyzing a model of interaction between social transfers – such as pensions or health care services – and remittances, using the two-stage Heckman’s selection method.

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Sources of Income Inequality: Empirical Evidence from Bulgaria

Bulgaria was affected by various adverse economic and demographic processes, which were particularly severe during the first half of the 1990s. This paper analyzes the extent to which socio-demographic characteristics of the household could be considered as sources of income inequality.

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Models for Stability and Growth, Structural Reforms, Conditionality, and EU Surveillance Criteria

This review paper represents the policy part of a report on financial risks in Southeast Europe. It aims to propose a set of surveillance mechanisms and criteria that European Union (EU) could use to assess the stability and sustainability of economic progress of the Future Member States (FMS).

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Effectiveness of Foreign Aid on Poverty Reduction in Kenya

Does Oversees Development Assistance (ODA) – foreign aid in common parlance – reduce poverty? This study explores this question in the Kenyan context. 

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