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Effects of Capitation Grant on Education Outcomes in Ghana

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Name of the Asset | Effects of Capitation Grant on Education Outcomes in Ghana
Type of Asset | Working Paper
Date | September 2009


Improving the quantity and quality of education is a constitutional requirement in Ghana, as well as a millennium development goal for developing countries. This study examines the extent to which the Capitation Grant in Ghana impacts the performance of schools in the national assessment examinations, and also bridges the gap in the examination performance of boys and girls.

Using data from the Ghana Education Service for all 138 districts in Ghana over the period 2003 to 2007, the study conducts a regression analysis to provide an assessment of how capitation grants have impacted key education outcomes in Ghana. It found that the capitation grant has not had any significant impact on enrollment and the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) pass rates of boys and girls in Ghana, despite which the capitation grant has increased over the years. Over the study period, there also was an increase in the Gross Enrollment Ratio at both the primary and JHS levels.


  • Gertrude Adobea Owusu, ISSER, University of Ghana
  • Freda E. Asem, ISSER, University of Ghana
  • Robert Lawrence Afutu-Kotey, ISSER, University of Ghana
  • Robert Darko Osei, ISSER, University of Ghana

Country and/or Region | Ghana
Name of the Program | GDN's Global Research Project 'Institutional Capacity Strengthening of African Public Policy Institutes to Support Inclusive Growth and the MDGs'
Funder(s) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Bureau for Development Policy (BDP) and Regional Bureau for Africa (RBA)

Download the Full Study here

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